Doors: not a rock band from the 1960's, but a way to create partitioned privacy, security and protection from the elements. The humble door as we know it today goes back to the ancient Egyptians. The first types of doors were rudimentary screens. Fur and skins, tapestries, wooden planks and stone blocks - these needed to be physically moved out of the way. But as civilisations grew and engineering projects were embraced, door handles became an inevitable invention.
Ancient & Medieval Doors
- Ancient Egyptian period (from approx 3000BC) has art depicting doors made out of slabs of wood and cloth hangings. We can also thank the ancient Egyptians for the invention of the door lock - the basic pin tumbler lock still in use today - which they made entirely out of wood.
- King Solomon (970 - 931 BC) had temple doors made from olive wood.
- Greek & Roman civilisations, uncovered by archeologists, used door hinges very similar to those used today. There are Roman door hinges made from bronze in the British Museum.
- Middle Ages (500-1500 AD) saw people generally living in one big room with little need for internal doors. But for safety from raiding soldiers households secured themselves and their belongings by barring the external doorway with heavy beams of oak. During the day doors were left open to allow for ventilation for fires and cooking. Locks were not in general use during this period due to expense.
- From the late 1500's, Royals and wealthy gentry built palaces and homes with individual rooms. Doors for privacy were made from woven tapestries initially, and then wooden doors came into general use, hung from basic hand-forged strap hinges. Prior to the invention of martice locks, bolts were used and these were fixed into stonework. The poor still used textile hangings and rudimentary wooden partitions, but as the centuries progressed, and with improvements in the mass production of items, the less affluent were able to afford a range of door furniture, including metalwork door latches.
- The modern era, from the Industrial Revolution onwards, saw the rise of mass manufacturing. As the price and available options for door knobs and handles came down, many more poeple could afford to update their homes. Handles and door knobs became an essential practical feature.
What did people use before door handles?
Before door knobs and handles were invented, people used a bolt or a lock to keep a door shut. Only the wealthy could afford a lock and key. Most people used a latch-string - making a small hole in a door and threading a leather thong or string through, which could then be looped around a wooden bar.
First Locking Door Knob
The first patent was given for a door knob and an internal door-latching mechanism in 1878 to an African American inventor called Osborn Dorsey. In Britain, locksmiths Robert Barron, Joseph Bramah and Jeremiah Chubb were involved in designs for the modern lever tumbler locks. Chubb's lock was patented in 1818.
Door Furniture as Decoration
With the Industrial Revolution and the availability of different materials, door knob and door handle styles evolved from being purely functional to also being decorative. Various designs could then be found to co-ordinate with the interior designs that were in vogue at the time.
Vintage Inspiration For Your Doors
Here at Suffolk Latch Company, we have a wide range of victorian door handles and locks that are perfect for giving vintage style to your home. Choose from door knobs and door handles in authentic period designs.
The Beehive Door Knobs design is originally from the Georgian era. Beehive door knobs were used widely in Georgian and Victorian homes. These wooden knobs and antique brass knobs are perfect for period properties and they also work well in modern homes wanting to inject some vintage detail.
Lever handles came into popular use during the 1900s, but there are many examples of door handle designs before this period and some can be found as early as the Tudor period. Although door knobs were the most popular choice for Georgian and Victorian homes, lever handles are a good option if you have young or elderly family members. Lever handles are also the best choice for exterior doors as they offer an integrated lock profile to compliment fitting with a 5 lever or a Euro profile cylinder lock. Choose handles in black and pewter to replicate vintage door handle designs.
In case you missed it...
- Door Knobs vs Door Handles: How To Choose
- Fitting New Door & Handles To Old Latches
- Door Bolt Guide: How To Choose The Right Bolt For Your Door